A casino, also known as a gaming hall or a gambling establishment, is a facility where people can gamble by playing games of chance. Most casinos offer a variety of gambling options, including slots, table games, and poker. Some also offer sports betting and other forms of entertainment.

In the United States, the number of casinos is estimated to be about 2,000. Romania, Spain, and the Czech Republic have a growing number of casinos as well. In terms of revenue, the United States is still the leader in gambling, with its casinos bringing in more than $261 billion per year.

The word casino is derived from the Latin casinum, meaning “little country house”. The earliest known casino was built in the second half of the 19th century in Monte Carlo, Monaco, where it remains to this day the most famous. A few other places have become known for their casinos as well, most notably in Las Vegas and Atlantic City.

A modern casino has many security measures in place to prevent cheating and stealing, both by patrons and staff. These measures can include a physical security force and specialized surveillance departments. In addition to these, most casinos have security cameras throughout the building to monitor activity. This is especially important since casinos handle large amounts of money. Despite the security measures, there have been instances of people trying to cheat or steal at casinos, both in collusion with employees and independently.